Senin, 16 Mei 2011

Dhani Ahmad Prasetyo / DEWA 19 / DEWA

Dhani Ahmad Prasetyo (lahir di Surabaya, Jawa Timur, 26 Mei 1972; umur 38 tahun) atau yang lebih dikenal dengan Ahmad Dhani / Dhani Manaf adalah seorang musisi, penulis lagu, penata musik, dan produser Indonesia. Dhani merupakan leader dari grup band papan atas, Dewa 19 dan juga personel grup band The Rock. Dhani juga merupakan pemilik dan pimpinan dari Republik Cinta Management. Dhani telah mencetak banyak hits dan mengorbitkan sejumlah artis melalui karyanya.

Perjalanan Karier Dewa 19

Bakat musik Dhani mulai bergejolak saat duduk di bangku SMPN 6 Surabaya. Dhani bersama 3 orang sahabatnya Andra Junaidi, Erwin Prasetya, dan Wawan Juniarso, kemudian mendirikan grup band DEWA pada tahun 1986. Dhani bertindak pada vokal dan keyboard. Saking tergilanya pada musik, tak jarang Dhani bolos sekolah untuk sekedar berkumpul bersama teman-temannya di DEWA untuk sekedar memainkan alat musik di rumah Wawan di kawasan komplek Universitas Airlangga. Dhani semula yang menteng di jalur rock, kemudian mencoba jalur musik jazz yang kemudian diikuti perubahan nama Dewa menjadi Downbeat. Bersama Downbeat, Dhani sempat menjuarai Festival Jazz Remaja se-Jawa Timur, juara I Festival band SLTA '90 atau juara II Djarum Super Fiesta Musik. Namun akhirnya Dhani kembali ke jalur rock dan mengibarkan bendera DEWA 19 dengan tambahan Ari Lasso.

Karena tidak ada studio yang memadai di Surabaya, pada tahun 1991 Ahmad Dhani hijrah ke Jakarta untuk mencari perusahaan rekaman yang akan melabeli Dewa 19. Dengan modal seadanya, Dhani menginjak rimba ibukota, gentayangan dari satu perusahaan rekaman ke perusahaan rekaman lain menggunakan bus kota. Setelah sempat ditolak sejumlah label, akhirnya dhani dilirik oleh Jan Djuhana dari Team Records. Usaha Dhani tidak sia-sia, album perdana Dewa 19 (1992) sukses besar dengan melejitnya sejumlah hits seperti ”Kangen” dan ”Kita Tidak Sedang Bercinta Lagi”. Album ini tercatat sebagai album terlaris 1993 dan Dewa dianugerahi sebagai pendatang baru terbaik. Sukses Dewa 19 berlanjut di album-album berikutnya. Hingga saat ini tak kurang dari sebelas album yang telah dirilis Dhani bersama Dewa, yaitu Dewa 19 (1992), Format Masa Depan (1994), Terbaik Terbaik (1995), Pandawa Lima (1997), The Best Of Dewa 19 (1999), Bintang Lima (2000), Cintailah Cinta (2002), Atas Nama Cinta I & II (2004), Laskar Cinta (2004), Republik Cinta (2006), dan Kerajaan Cinta (2007). Meski telah beberapa kali mengalami pergantian personel, sampai saat ini Dewa 19 masih tetap eksis di blantika musik Indonesia.

Karier Lain

Selain aktif di Dewa 19, Dhani juga sibuk dengan kegiatan lain. Pada tahun 1999, ia sempat melahirkan Ahmad Band, yang sempat dikenal dengan tembang ”Bidadari di Kesunyian” dan ”Aku Cinta Kau Dan Dia”. Selain itu Dhani juga menjadi memproduseri artis lain selain Dewa 19. Sejak kesuksesan Dhani melambungkan nama Reza Artamevia di tahun 1997, ia mulai sering memproduseri artis lain, dan melahirkan bakat-bakat baru dalam dunia musik.

Dhani juga kolaborasi dengan gitaris DEWA 19, Andra Ramadan, dan merelease album yang hanya berisi 4 lagu. "Kuldesak" adalah single andalan album itu.

The Rock

Bermula dari perekaman album solonya di Australia, Dhani bertemu dengan 3 anggota band Hospital The Musical, yaitu Clancy Alexander Tucker, Zachary Haidee-Keene, Michael Bennett di Studio 301, Sydney - Australia. Dari pertemuan itu munculah ide untuk berkolaborasi dalam sebuah grup musik. Dhani yang memiliki niat untuk go international menerima ajakan tersebut dan terbentuklah The Rock yang mana Hospital The Musical tidak bubar dan Dhani juga tidak meninggalkan Dewa 19. Pada Agustus 2007, lahirlah album pertama The Rock dengan tajuk Master Mister Ahmad Dhani I yang mencetak single ”Munajat Cinta”.

Hospital The Musical pernah mengikuti tour Marlboro Kretek di Indonesia, pada bulan Agustus-September 2007. Saat itu mereka menggunakan nama Fire Shark, bersama vokalis Mark Williams
T.R.I.A.D

Di Tahun Ini Dhani betemu personil 5 anggota yaitu Cameria Happy Pramita (Gitar,Backing Vocal),Ices (Bass) ,Tharaz Bistara (Gitar),Ikmal Tobing (Drummer) dan Terakhir Wahyu Sudiro (Gitar) pada LAUNCHING ALBUM TRIAD The Rock Cafe Jakarta 19 Feb 2010 sudah merilis album dengan hits single nya "Makhluk Tuhan Paling Sexy" milik penyanyi Mulan Jameela hits single kedua berjudul "Mustapha" milik Grup Band Barat Queen dan terakhir 2010 hits ketiga berjudul "Selir Hati"

Jazz

Salah satu musik kegemaran Si Jenggot (panggilan akrab Dhani) adalah musik Jazz. Dia berkerja sama dengan Tim Oram, musisi Jazz di Sydney. Bersama Tim dia berkolaborasi dengan musisi-musisi jazz di Australia. Terdapat 4 lagu Jazz di album The Rock, dan April 2009, dia merilis album 100% Jazz dengan judul The Best Is Yet To Come.

Kehidupan Pribadi

Dhani menikah dengan Maia Estianty di tahun 1994, setelah sekian lama menjalin cinta sejak Dhani masih di SMA Negeri 2 Surabaya. Dari pernikahan mereka, keduanya memiliki 3 anak. Dhani menamai anak-anaknya sesuai tokoh sufi yang dikaguminya, yakni Ahmad Al Gazali, El Jalaluddin Rumi, dan Ahmad Abdul Qodir Jaelani. Sejak akhir 2006, Dhani dan istrinya terlibat skandal 'tuduh menuduh' yang berujung pada gugatan cerai yang diajukan oleh Maia Estianty. Rumah tangga mereka resmi berakhir pada 23 September 2008 melalui keputusan hakim di Pengadilan Agama Jakarta Selatan.

Kasus

Tanggal 1 Maret 2011 Dhani dilaporkan wartawan atas tuduhan pemukulan yang dilakukan di depan rumah Mulan Jameela.[1]
Buku

* Manunggaling Dewa
* Majrifat Cinta Ahmad Dhani (Ajaran-ajaran Syekh Siti Jenar Dalam Syair-Syair Dhani)

Diskografi Dewa 19

* Dewa 19 (1992)
* Format Masa Depan (1994)
* Terbaik Terbaik (1995)
* Pandawa Lima (1997)
* The Best Of Dewa 19 (1999)
* Bintang Lima (2000)
* Cintailah Cinta (2002)
* Atas Nama Cinta I (2004) - Live Album
* Atas Nama Cinta II (2004) - Live Album
* Laskar Cinta (2004)
* Republik Cinta (2006)
* Kerajaan Cinta (2007)

Ahmad Band

* Ideologi, Sikap, Otak (1998)

The Rock

* Master Mister Ahmad Dhani I (2007)

Muhammad Dhani & The Swinger

* The Best Is Yet To Come (2009)

T.R.I.A.D

* T.R.I.A.D {2010}

Album lain

* The Best Of Republik Cinta Artists Vol. 1 (2008)
* D'Plong: Sensasi Rock'n'Dut (2009)

Penampilan lain

* "Cinta Mati", duet dengan Agnes Monica pada album ...And the story goes... (2003)
* "Jika Surga dan Neraka Tak Pernah Ada", duet dengan Chrisye pada album Chrisye Duet By Request (2007)

Rabu, 10 Maret 2010

Geddy lee - Rush


Geddy Lee OC (born Gary Lee Weinrib; July 29, 1953) is a Canadian musician, best known as the lead vocalist, bassist, and keyboardist for the Canadian rock group Rush. Lee joined Rush in September 1968 at the request of his childhood friend Alex Lifeson in order to replace frontman Jeff Jones.

An award-winning musician, Lee's style, technique, and skill on the bass guitar have proven very influential in the rock and heavy metal genres, inspiring such players as Steve Harris of Iron Maiden,[3] John Myung of Dream Theater, Les Claypool of Primus, and Cliff Burton of Metallica.

Early life

Geddy Lee was born Gary Lee Weinrib on July 29, 1953 in Willowdale, Toronto.Lee's stage name, Geddy, was inspired by his mother's heavily-accented pronunciation of his given first name, Gary, and it later became his high school nickname before he adopted it as his stage name. Lee's parents were Jewish refugees from Poland who had been survivors of Nazi concentration camps Dachau and Bergen-Belsen during World War II. In 2004, Canadian Jewish News featured Lee's reflections on his mother's experiences as a refugee, and of his own Jewish heritage.

Lee married Nancy Young in 1976. They have a son and a daughter . Lee attended the same elementary school as the well-known comedian Rick Moranis, of SCTV fame.

Body of work

The bulk of Lee's work in music has been with Rush (see Rush discography). However, Lee has also contributed to a body of work outside of his involvement with the band through guest appearances and album production. In 1981, Lee was the featured guest for the hit song "Take Off" and its included comedic commentary with Bob and Doug McKenzie (played by Rick Moranis and Dave Thomas, respectively) for the McKenzie Brothers' comedy album Great White North. The following year, Lee produced the debut (and only) album from Toronto new wave band Boys Brigade. On the 1985 album We Are the World, by humanitarian consortium USA for Africa, Lee recorded guest vocals for the song "Tears Are Not Enough".[13] Apart from band contributions, Lee sang the Canadian National Anthem in front of a full crowd at Camden Yards for the 1993 All-Star Game.

Another version of "O Canada" in rock format was recorded by Lee and Lifeson on the accompanying soundtrack CD for the Trey Parker and Matt Stone film South Park: Bigger, Longer, and Uncut released in 1999.

My Favourite Headache, Lee's first solo album, was released in November 2000 while Rush was on a hiatus due to tragedies in drummer Neil Peart's life. Lee appeared in Broken Social Scene's music video for their 2006 single "Fire Eye'd Boy", judging the band while they perform various musical tasks, and in 2006, Lee joined Lifeson's supergroup the Big Dirty Band, to provide songs accompanying Trailer Park Boys: The Movie.

Vocal style

Lee's voice has been referred to as a high tenor.[15] During Rush's early period, Lee's voice was described as a "Robert Plant-esque wail."[16] By the recording of the Permanent Waves album in 1979, Lee gradually changed his vocal style to a more restrained sound.[16] Lee as of late still has much of his range left, though the song "2112"("Overture" and "The Temples of Syrinx") is played one whole step (two semitones) lower[17].

Equipment used

Lee has varied his equipment list continually throughout his career.
Bass guitars
Geddy Lee playing his Fender jazz bass at a 2008 live performance at the Xcel Energy Center

For his first local gigs in the early 1970s and Rush's debut album, Lee used a Fender Precision Bass. From Fly By Night onward, Lee favored Rickenbacker basses, particularly the 4001 model, and a Fender Jazz Bass which is heard on Permanent Waves, Moving Pictures, Signals and the supporting tours. In 1981, Lee began using the compact, headless Steinberger bass, which he used occasionally on the supporting tour for Signals and for many tracks on their follow-up, Grace Under Pressure and Power Windows. From 1985 to 1992, Lee used British Wal basses. He switched back to Fender Jazz Basses for the recording of Counterparts in 1993, and has been using them virtually exclusively since, heard on albums Test For Echo, Vapor Trails, Feedback and Snakes & Arrows. However, he used a Fender Jaco Pastorius Tribute fretless replica bass for the song "Malignant Narcissism" on Snakes & Arrows, and a Fender Custom Shop Jazz with an Alder Body and a Flamed Maple top in Transparent Red for songs in an alternate tuning during the last several tours. In 1998, Fender released the Geddy Lee Jazz Bass, available in Black and 3-Colour Sunburst (as of 2009). This signature model is a recreation of Lee's favorite bass, a 1973 Fender Jazz that he bought in a pawn shop in Kalamazoo, Michigan. On all of his basses, Lee uses Rotosound Swing Bass 66 Stainless Steel round-wound strings. Lee once again used his Rickenbacker 4001 for the performance of "A Passage To Bangkok" on the 2007 and 2008 Snakes & Arrows Tour.

Bass guitar amplification

Lee's amps in the early days were arena-ready Sunn and/or Ampeg models. By the late seventies, his backline had evolved into a configuration of Ashly preamps and BGW power amps, which were run in stereo with his 4001 bass. The neck pickup was sent to one amp and set for a clean, bass-heavy tone, while the bridge pickup was sent to the other amp which was set with an exaggerated treble boost, and extra gain in the preamp. This defined Lee's bass sound from 1977 to 1982. Though he would change basses, the amplifier setup remained constant through 1991. For the Roll the Bones tour (1991–1992), Lee switched to Gallien-Krueger amps, and later to Trace Elliots.

Beginning in 2002, Lee dispensed with using a single bass guitar amplifier in favor of a chain of amplifiers and DI units, which allow the bass guitar to be connected directly to the stage and front-of-house mixers without involving microphones. Lee began using in-ear monitors at this point.

At the beginning of the 2002 Vapor trails tour, Lee revised his previous setup. His bass signal is sent via a Samson wireless unit to an Avalon U5 DI. From there it is split between a Trace Elliot Quadravalve all-tube power amplifier and a SansAmp RBI rackmountable preamp. The speaker-level signal from the Quadravalve is sent to a Palmer PD-05 speaker emulator, which provides adequate load for the tube amplifier and attenuates the signal down to line level. The signals from the U5, Quadravalve/PD-05, and RBI are all sent to the monitor and front-of-house mixers and blends of the signals are changed on a song-by-song basis. Typically the Quadravalve/PD-05 signal makes up the low end while a balance of the U5 and RBI make up the high end, with the RBI providing the "top end" distortion in Lee's sound.

For the 2007 Snakes and Arrows tour, Lee swapped the SansAmp RBI for a new unit by Sansamp, the RPM. During preparation for this tour a feature on bassplayer.tv with his live bass tech, Russ Ryan, was filmed which detailed Lee's live signal path.

Keyboards and synthesizers

Over the years, Lee's keyboards have featured synthesizers from Oberheim (Eight-voice, OB-1, OB-X, OB-Xa), PPG (Wave 2.2 and 2.3), Roland (Jupiter 8, D-50, XV-5080, and most recently a Fantom X7 on the Snakes and Arrows tour), Moog (Minimoog, Taurus bass pedals, Moog Little Phatty[19]), and Yamaha (DX7, Yamaha KX76). Lee used sequencers early in their development and has continued to use similar innovations as they have developed over the years. Lee has also made use of digital samplers. Combined, these electronic devices have supplied many memorable keyboard sounds, such as the "growl" in "Tom Sawyer" and the melody featured in the chorus of "The Spirit of Radio".

With 1993's Counterparts, Rush reduced most keyboard- and synthesizer-derived sounds in their compositions, and they continued to do so with each successive album. In 2002, the band produced an album—Vapor Trails—that was completely free of keyboards and synthesizers, featuring only voice, guitar, bass guitar, drums and percussion. With the release of 2007's Snakes & Arrows, Lee sparingly adds a Mellotron to the instrument line-up. However, it does not mark a return to a "synth" sound for the band. Much like Vapor Trails, the music is primarily recorded with multiple layers of guitars, bass, drums and percussion.

Live performances: special equipment
Recreating unique sounds

Newer advances in synthesizer and sampler technology have allowed Lee to store familiar sounds from his old synthesizers alongside new ones in combination synthesizer/samplers, such as the Roland XV-5080. For live shows in 2002 and 2004, Lee and his keyboard technician used the playback capabilities of the XV-5080 to generate virtually all of Rush's keyboard sounds to date, as well as additional complex sound passages that previously required several machines at once to produce.

When playing live, Lee and his bandmates recreate their songs as accurately as possible with digital samplers. Using these samplers, the band members are able to recreate, in real-time, the sounds of non-traditional instruments, accompaniments, vocal harmonies, and other sound "events" that are familiar to those who have heard Rush songs from their albums.

To trigger these sounds in real-time, Lee uses MIDI controllers, placed at the locations on the stage where he has a microphone stand. Lee uses two types of MIDI controllers: one type resembles a traditional synthesizer keyboard on a stand (Yamaha KX76). The second type is a large foot-pedal keyboard, placed on the stage floor (Korg MPK-130, Roland PK-5). Combined, they enable Lee to use his free hands and feet to trigger sounds in electronic equipment that has been placed off-stage. It is with this technology that Lee and his bandmates are able to present their arrangements in a live setting with the level of complexity and fidelity that fans have come to expect, and without the need to resort to the use of backing tracks or employing an additional band member.

Lee's (and his bandmates') use of MIDI controllers to trigger sampled instruments and audio events is visible throughout the R30: 30th Anniversary World Tour concert DVD (2005).

In the Snakes and Arrows tour, Lee used a Roland Fantom X7 and a Moog Little Phatty synthesizer.

Unique stage equipment
Rush live in concert, with rotisseries and chef in background.

As of 1996, Lee no longer uses traditional bass amplifiers on stage, as he prefers to go direct into the venue's FOH console which helps the sound reinforcement during their concerts. Faced with the dilemma of what to do with the empty space left behind by the lack of large amplifier cabinets, Lee chose to fill the space in a unique way. For the 2002 Vapor Trails tour, Lee lined his side of the stage with three coin-operated Maytag dryers. Other large appliances would appear later in the same space. (Lee had earlier decorated his side of the stage with unusual items. For the 1996-1997 Test for Echo tour, Lee's side sported a fully-stocked old-fashioned household refrigerator.)

For every concert that featured the dryers, Rush's crew would load them with specially-designed Rush-themed T-shirts, different from the shirts on sale to the general public. At the close of each show, Lee and Lifeson would then toss these special T-shirts into the arms of lucky audience members.

For the band's R30 tour, one dryer was replaced with a rotating shelf-style vending machine. It too was fully stocked and operational during shows.

When asked about the purpose of the dryers in interviews, Lee was purposefully vague. The irony and non sequitur of placing such unusual items on a concert stage were Lee's way of expressing his sense of humor. He fed the mystery by responding to one interview question about the dryers, saying he chose to use them for their "warm, dry tone".[citation needed] The dryers can be seen on the Rush in Rio DVD and the R30 DVD. The vending machine can be seen on the R30 DVD.

To add to the humorous effect, Lee's dryers were, purely for visual effect "miked" by the sound crew, just as a real amplifier would be.

In interviews dated May 2007, Lee has stated that he is considering entirely new non-musical equipment to further his established comic effect for Rush's Snakes & Arrows tour. The tour commenced June 13, 2007, with a show at the Hi-Fi Buys Amphitheatre in Atlanta, Georgia. The show prominently featured 3 Henhouse brand rotisserie chicken ovens on stage complete with an attendant in a chef's hat and apron to "tend" the chickens during the show.[22] Such unorthodox stage equipment has been continuously seen thereafter.

Baseball

On June 5, 2008, Lee donated his entire collection of nearly 200 autographed Negro League baseballs to the Negro Leagues Baseball Museum in Kansas City, Missouri.[23] Bob Kendrick, a director at the museum stated "Some of these guys have been dead for some time, and we could not get these (signatures) before no matter what their significance was in the Negro Leagues".[24][dead link] At the time, Lee's gift was one of the largest single donations the NLBM had ever received.

Lee is also frequently seen at Toronto Blue Jays home games at the Rogers Center.

Awards
Rush portal

* Bass Hall of Fame – Guitar Player magazine
* 6 time winner: "Best Rock Bass" – Guitar Player magazine
* 1993 – "Best Rock Bass Player" Bass Player readers' poll
* 1994 – With Rush, inducted into the Juno Hall of Fame
* 1996 – Officer of the Order of Canada, along with fellow band mates Alex Lifeson and Neil Peart
* Best Album for Bass (Snakes & Arrows) – Bass Player magazine
* "Coolest Bass Line in a Song" (for "Malignant Narcissism") – Bass Player magazine
* "Best 2007 Cover Feature" for "Northern Warrior" – Bass Player magazine


In addition to his composing, arranging, and performing duties for Rush, Lee has produced albums for various other bands, including Rocket Science. Lee's first solo effort, My Favourite Headache, was released in 2000.

Along with his Rush bandmates—Lifeson and drummer Neil Peart—Lee was made an Officer of the Order of Canada on May 9, 1996. The trio was the first rock band to be so honored, as a group.

On May 1, 2007, Rush released Snakes & Arrows, their eighteenth full-length studio album. Lee and the rest of the band recently toured in support of Snakes & Arrows across North America, which began in Atlanta, GA on June 13, 2007 and ended its second leg on July 24, 2008.

Rabu, 03 Maret 2010

Freddie Mercury (queen)


Freddie Mercury (born Farrokh Bulsara (Gujarati: ફ્રારુક બુલ્સારા‌), 5 September 1946 – 24 November 1991), was a British musician, best known as the lead vocalist of the rock band Queen. As a performer, he was known for his powerful vocals and flamboyant performances.[1][2][3] As a songwriter, he composed many hits, including "Bohemian Rhapsody", "Killer Queen", "Somebody to Love", "Don't Stop Me Now", "Crazy Little Thing Called Love", "Barcelona", and "We Are the Champions". Led by Mercury, Queen had sold more than 300 million albums internationally by 2009.

In addition to his work with Queen, he also led a solo career and was occasionally a producer and guest musician (piano or vocals) for other artists. Mercury, who was a Parsi and grew up in India, has been referred to as "Britain's first Asian rock star".[8] He died of bronchopneumonia brought on by AIDS on 24 November 1991, only one day after publicly acknowledging he had the disease. In 2006, Time Asia named him as one of the most influential Asian heroes of the past 60 years,[9] and he continues to be voted as one of the greatest singers in the history of popular music. In 2005, a poll organised by Blender and MTV2 saw Mercury voted the greatest male singer of all time.[10] In 2009, a Classic Rock poll saw him voted the greatest rock singer of all time.[11] In 2008, Rolling Stone ranked him number 18 on their list of the 100 greatest singers of all time, reflecting the magazine's editorial opinion.[2] Allmusic has characterised Mercury as "one of the most dynamic and charismatic frontmen in rock history."
Early life
The house where Mercury lived in his early years

Mercury was born on the island of Zanzibar, now part of Tanzania. His parents, Bomi and Jer Bulsara,[a] were Parsis from the Gujarat region of the then province of Bombay Presidency in British India.[13][b] The family surname is derived from the town of Bulsar (also known as Valsad) in southern Gujarat. As Parsis, Freddie and his family practised the Zoroastrian religion and Freddie was proud of his Persian ancestry.[2] The Bulsara family had moved to Zanzibar in order for his father to continue his job as a cashier at the British Colonial Office. He had one younger sister, Kashmira.[14]

In 1954, at the age of eight, Mercury was sent to study at St. Peter's School,[15] a boarding school for boys in Panchgani near Mumbai, India.[16] At school, he formed a popular school band, called The Hectics, for which he played the piano. A friend from the time recalls that he had "an uncanny ability to listen to the radio and replay what he heard on piano".[17] It was also at St. Peter's where he began to call himself "Freddie". Mercury remained in India for most of his childhood, living with his grandmother and aunt. He completed his education in India at St. Mary's School, Mumbai.

At the age of 17, Mercury and his family fled from Zanzibar for safety reasons due to the 1964 Zanzibar Revolution.[8] The family moved into a small house in Feltham, Middlesex, England. Mercury enrolled at Isleworth Polytechnic (now West Thames College) in West London where he studied art. He ultimately earned a Diploma in Art and Graphic Design at Ealing Art College, later using these skills to design the Queen crest. Mercury remained a British citizen for the rest of his life.

Following graduation, Mercury joined a series of bands and sold second-hand clothes in the Kensington Market in London. He also held a job at Heathrow Airport. Friends from the time remember him as a quiet and shy young man who showed a great deal of interest in music.[19] In 1969 he formed the band Ibex, which was later renamed Wreckage. When this band failed to take off, he joined a second band called Sour Milk Sea. However, by early 1970, this group broke up as well.

In April 1970, Mercury joined with guitarist Brian May and drummer Roger Taylor who had previously been in a band called Smile. Despite reservations from the other members, Mercury chose the name "Queen" for the new band. He later said about the band's name, "I was certainly aware of the gay connotations, but that was just one facet of it".[21] At about the same time, Mercury also changed his own name.


As a child, Mercury listened to a considerable amount of Indian music, and one of his early influences was the Bollywood playback singer Lata Mangeshkar, whom he had the opportunity to see live in India.[22] After moving to England, Mercury became a fan of Aretha Franklin, The Who, Jim Croce, Elvis Presley, Led Zeppelin, The Rolling Stones, Jimi Hendrix, John Lennon, and The Beatles.[23] Another one of Mercury's favourite performers was singer and actress Liza Minnelli. He once explained: "One of my early inspirations came from Cabaret. I absolutely adore Liza Minnelli. The way she delivers her songs — the sheer energy."[24]
Career
Singer

Although Mercury's speaking voice naturally fell in the baritone range, he delivered most songs in the tenor range.[25] Biographer David Bret described his voice as "escalating within a few bars from a deep, throaty rock-growl to tender, vibrant tenor, then on to a high-pitched, perfect coloratura, pure and crystalline in the upper reaches".[26] Spanish soprano Montserrat Caballé, with whom Mercury recorded an album, expressed her opinion that "the difference between Freddie and almost all the other rock stars was that he was selling the voice".[27] As Queen's career progressed, he would increasingly alter the highest notes of their songs when live, often harmonising with seconds, thirds or fifths instead. Mercury suffered from vocal fold nodules and claimed never to have had any formal vocal training.
Songwriter

Mercury wrote 10 of the 17 songs on Queen's Greatest Hits album: "Bohemian Rhapsody", "Seven Seas of Rhye", "Killer Queen", "Somebody to Love", "Good Old-Fashioned Lover Boy", "We Are the Champions", "Bicycle Race", "Don't Stop Me Now", "Crazy Little Thing Called Love" and "Play the Game".

The most notable aspect of his songwriting involved the wide range of genres that he used, which included, among other styles, rockabilly, progressive rock, heavy metal, gospel, and disco. As he explained in a 1986 interview, "I hate doing the same thing again and again and again. I like to see what's happening now in music, film and theatre and incorporate all of those things."[29] Compared to many popular songwriters, Mercury also tended to write musically complex material. For example, "Bohemian Rhapsody" is acyclic in structure and comprises dozens of chords.[30][31] "Crazy Little Thing Called Love", on the other hand, contains only a few chords. Despite the fact that Mercury often wrote very intricate harmonies, he also claimed that he could barely read music.[32] He wrote most of his songs on the piano and used a wide variety of different key signatures.[30]
[edit] Live performer
Mercury, performing live with his bottomless microphone stand

Mercury is noted for his live performances, which were often delivered to stadium audiences around the world. He displayed a highly theatrical style that often evoked a great deal of participation from the crowd. A writer for The Spectator described him as "a performer out to tease, shock and ultimately charm his audience with various extravagant versions of himself".[33] David Bowie, who performed at the Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert and recorded the song "Under Pressure" with Queen, praised Mercury's performance style, saying: "Of all the more theatrical rock performers, Freddie took it further than the rest... he took it over the edge. And of course, I always admired a man who wears tights. I only saw him in concert once and as they say, he was definitely a man who could hold an audience in the palm of his hand."

One of Mercury's most notable performances with Queen took place at Live Aid in 1985, during which the entire stadium audience of 72,000 people clapped, sang, and swayed in unison. Queen's performance at the event has since been voted by a group of music executives as the greatest live performance in the history of rock music. The results were aired on a television program called "The World's Greatest Gigs".[35][36] In reviewing Live Aid in 2005, one critic wrote, "Those who compile lists of Great Rock Frontmen and award the top spots to Mick Jagger, Robert Plant, etc all are guilty of a terrible oversight. Freddie, as evidenced by his Dionysian Live Aid performance, was easily the most godlike of them all."

Over the course of his career, Mercury performed an estimated 700 concerts in countries around the world with Queen. A notable aspect of Queen concerts was the large scale involved.[29] He once explained, "We're the Cecil B. DeMille of rock and roll, always wanting to do things bigger and better."[29] The band were the first ever to play in South American stadiums, breaking worldwide records for concert attendance in the Morumbi Stadium in São Paulo in 1981.[38] In 1986, Queen also played behind the Iron Curtain, when they performed to a crowd of 80,000 in Budapest.[39] Mercury's final live performance with Queen took place on 9 August 1986 at Knebworth Park in England and drew an attendance estimated as high as 300,000.
Instrumentalist
Freddie Mercury playing guitar during a live concert with Queen in Frankfurt, 1984.

As a young boy in India, Mercury received formal piano training up to the age of nine. Later on, while living in London, he learned guitar. Much of the music he liked was guitar-oriented: his favourite artists at the time were The Who, the Beatles, Jimi Hendrix, David Bowie and Led Zeppelin. He was often self-deprecating about his own skills on both instruments and from the early 1980s onwards began extensively using guest keyboardists for both Queen and his solo career. Most notably, he enlisted Fred Mandel (an American musician who also worked for Pink Floyd, Elton John, and Supertramp) for his first solo project, and from 1985 onwards collaborated extensively with Mike Moran, leaving most of the keyboard work exclusively to him.

Mercury played the piano in many of Queen's most popular songs, including "Killer Queen", "Bohemian Rhapsody", "Good Old Fashioned Lover Boy", "We Are the Champions", "Somebody To Love" and "Don't Stop Me Now". He used concert grand pianos and, occasionally, other keyboard instruments such as the harpsichord. From 1980 onwards, he also made extensive use of synthesisers in the studio. Queen guitarist Brian May claims that Mercury was unimpressed with his own abilities at the piano and used the instrument less over time because he wanted to walk around onstage and entertain the audience.[41] Although he wrote many lines for guitar, Mercury possessed only rudimentary skills on the instrument. Songs like "Ogre Battle" and "Crazy Little Thing Called Love" were composed on guitar; the latter famously featured Mercury playing acoustic guitar both on stage and in the studio.
Solo career

In addition to his work with Queen, Mercury put out two solo albums and several singles. Although his solo work was not as commercially successful as most Queen albums, the two off-Queen albums and several of the singles debuted in the top 10 of the UK Album Charts. His first solo effort involved the contribution to the song Love Kills on the 1984 album and new soundtrack to the 1926 Fritz Lang film Metropolis. The song, which was produced by Giorgio Moroder, debuted at the number 10 position in the UK charts.

Mercury's two full albums outside the band were Mr. Bad Guy (1985) and Barcelona (1988). The former is a pop-oriented album that emphasises disco and dance music. "Barcelona" was recorded with the opera singer Montserrat Caballé, whom he had long admired. Mr. Bad Guy debuted in the top ten of the UK Album Charts.[42] In 1993, a remix of "Living on My Own", a single from the album, reached the #1 position on the UK Singles Charts.[43] The song also garnered Mercury a posthumous Ivor Novello Award. Allmusic critic Eduardo Rivadavia describes Mr. Bad Guy as "outstanding from start to finish" and expressed his view that Mercury "did a commendable job of stretching into uncharted territory".[44] In particular, the album is heavily synthesiser-driven in a way that is not characteristic of previous Queen albums.

Barcelona, recorded with Spanish soprano Montserrat Caballé, combines elements of popular music and opera. Many critics were uncertain what to make of the album; one referred to it as "the most bizarre CD of the year".[45] Caballé, on the other hand, considered the album to have been one of the great successes of her career. The title song from the album debuted at the #8 position in the UK charts and was a hit in Spain,[46] where the song received massive air play as the official hymn of the 1992 Summer Olympics (held in Barcelona one year after Mercury's death). Ms. Caballé sang it live at the opening of the Olympics with Mercury's part played on a screen.

In addition to the two solo albums, Mercury released several singles, including his own version of the hit The Great Pretender by The Platters, which debuted at number five in the UK in 1987.[42] In September 2006, a compilation album featuring Mercury's solo work was released in the UK in honour of what would have been his 60th birthday. The album debuted in the top 10 of the UK Album Charts.

In 1981-1983, Mercury recorded several tracks with Michael Jackson, including a demo of "State of Shock", "Victory" and "There Must Be More to Life Than This"; none of these collaborations were officially released, although bootleg recordings exist. Jackson went on to record the former song with Mick Jagger for The Jacksons, and Mercury included the solo version of the latter song on his Mr. Bad Guy album.
Personal life

In the early 1970s Mercury had a long-term relationship with Mary Austin, whom he had met through guitarist Brian May. He lived with Austin for several years in West Kensington. By the mid-1970s, however, the singer had begun an affair with a male American record executive at Elektra Records, which ultimately resulted in the end of his relationship with Austin.[48] Mercury and Austin nevertheless remained close friends through the years, with Mercury often referring to her as his only true friend. In a 1985 interview, Mercury said of Austin, "All my lovers asked me why they couldn't replace Mary [Austin], but it's simply impossible. The only friend I've got is Mary and I don't want anybody else. To me, she was my common-law wife. To me, it was a marriage. We believe in each other, that's enough for me."[49] He also wrote several songs about Austin, the most notable of which is "Love of My Life". Mercury was also the godfather of Mary's eldest son, Richard.
By 1979, Mercury began to frequently visit gay bathhouses and clubs where he met many short-term partners.[50] By 1985, he began another long-term relationship with a hairdresser named Jim Hutton. Hutton, who himself was tested HIV-positive in 1990,[51] lived with Mercury for the last six years of his life, nursed him during his illness and was present at his bedside when he died. Hutton also claims that Mercury died wearing a wedding band that Hutton had given him.[51] Hutton passed away 1 January 2010 due to complications of a smoking-related illness.

Although he cultivated a very flamboyant stage personality, Mercury was a very shy and retiring man in person, particularly around people he didn't know well.[14][17][27] He also granted very few interviews. Mercury once said of himself: "When I'm performing I'm an extrovert, yet inside I'm a completely different man."

Death

According to his partner Jim Hutton, Mercury was diagnosed with AIDS shortly after Easter of 1987.[54] Around that time, Mercury claimed in an interview to have tested negative for the virus.[27] Despite the denials, the British press pursued the rampant rumours over the next few years, fuelled by Mercury's increasingly gaunt appearance, Queen's absence from touring, and reports from former lovers to various tabloid journals.[55] Toward the end of his life, he was routinely stalked by photographers, while the daily tabloid newspaper The Sun featured a series of articles claiming that he was seriously ill.

On 22 November 1991, Mercury called Queen's manager Jim Beach over to his Kensington home, to discuss a public statement. The next day, 23 November, the following announcement was made to the press on behalf of Mercury

Following the enormous conjecture in the press over the last two weeks, I wish to confirm that I have been tested HIV positive and have AIDS. I felt it correct to keep this information private to date to protect the privacy of those around me. However, the time has come now for my friends and fans around the world to know the truth and I hope that everyone will join with me, my doctors, and all those worldwide in the fight against this terrible disease. My privacy has always been very special to me and I am famous for my lack of interviews. Please understand this policy will continue.

A little over 24 hours after issuing that statement, Mercury died on 24 November 1991 at the age of 45. The official cause of death was bronchial pneumonia resulting from AIDS.[57] Although he had not attended religious services in years, Mercury's funeral was conducted by a Zoroastrian priest. Elton John, David Bowie, and the remaining members of Queen attended the funeral. He was cremated at Kensal Green Cemetery and his ashes scattered on the shores of Lake Geneva, near Montreux, Switzerland, where Mercury lived his last years and where there is his commemorative monument.

In his will, Mercury left the vast majority of his wealth, including his home and recording royalties, to Mary Austin, and the remainder to his parents and sister. He further left £500,000 to his chef Joe Fanelli, £500,000 to his personal assistant Peter Freestone, £100,000 to his driver Terry Giddings, and £500,000 to Jim Hutton.[58] Mary Austin continues to live at Mercury's home, Garden Lodge, Kensington, with her family.[58] Hutton moved back to the Republic of Ireland in 1995, where he died on 1 January 2010. He was involved in a 2000 biography of Mercury, Freddie Mercury, the Untold Story, and also gave an interview for The Times for what would have been Mercury's 60th birthday.cf.
Criticism and controversy
HIV status and sexual orientation

Mercury hid his HIV status from the public for many years, and it has been suggested that he could have raised a great deal of money and awareness earlier by speaking truthfully about his situation and his fight against the disease.[34][59] While some critics have also suggested that Mercury hid his sexual orientation from the public,[8][27][60] other sources refer to the singer as having been "openly gay".[9][61] Mercury referred to himself as "gay" in a 1974 interview with NME magazine.[62] He also referred to himself as "bisexual" on occasion.[63][64] On the other hand, he would often distance himself from partner, Jim Hutton, during public events in the 1980s.[51] A writer for a gay online newspaper felt that audiences may have been overly naive about the matter: "While in many respects he was overtly queer his whole career ("I am as gay as a daffodil, my dear" being one of his most famous quotes), his sexual orientation seemed to pass over the heads of scrutinising audiences and pundits (both gay and straight) for decades".[65] John Marshall of Gay Times expressed the following opinion in 1992: "He [Mercury] was a 'scene-queen', not afraid to publicly express his gayness but unwilling to analyse or justify his 'lifestyle' ... It was as if Freddie Mercury was saying to the world, "I am what I am. So what?" And that in itself for some was a statement."
Other controversies

Members of Queen were widely criticised in the 1980s for the fact that they broke a United Nations cultural boycott by performing a series of shows at Sun City in 1984, an entertainment complex in Bophuthatswana, a homeland of (then) apartheid South Africa. As a result of these shows, Queen was placed on a United Nations list of artists who broke the boycott and was widely criticised in magazines such as the NME.

A further controversy ensued in August 2006, when an organisation calling itself the Islamic Mobilization and Propagation petitioned the Zanzibar government's culture ministry, demanding that a large-scale celebration of what would have been Mercury's sixtieth birthday be cancelled. The organisation issued several complaints about the planned celebrations, including that Mercury was not a true Zanzibari and that he was gay, which is not in accordance with their interpretation of sharia. The organisation claimed that "associating Mercury with Zanzibar degrades our island as a place of Islam". The planned celebration was cancelled.
Legacy
Continued popularity

The extent to which Mercury's death may have enhanced Queen's popularity is not clear. In the United States, where Queen's popularity had lagged in the 1980s, sales of Queen albums went up dramatically in 1992, the year following his death.[66] In 1992 one American critic noted, "what cynics call the 'dead star' factor had come into play — Queen is in the middle of a major resurgence".[67] The movie Wayne's World, which featured "Bohemian Rhapsody", also came out in 1992. According to the Recording Industry Association of America, Queen have sold 32.5 million albums in the United States, about half of which have been sold since Mercury's death in 1991.
Estimates of Queen's total worldwide record sales to date have been set as high as 300 million.[69] In the UK, Queen have now spent more collective weeks on the UK Album Charts than any other musical act (including The Beatles),[70] and Queen's Greatest Hits is the highest selling album of all time in the UK.[71] Two of Mercury's songs, "We Are the Champions" and "Bohemian Rhapsody", have also each been voted as the greatest song of all time in major polls by Sony Ericsson[72] and Guinness World Records, respectively. The former poll was an attempt to determine the world's favourite song, while the Guinness poll took place in the UK. In October 2007, the video for "Bohemian Rhapsody" was voted the greatest of all time by readers of Q magazine.[74] Mercury was voted second to Mariah Carey in MTV's 22 Greatest Voices in Music.[9] Additionally, in May 2009, Classic Rock magazine voted Freddie Mercury as the greatest singer in rock.[citation needed]
Tributes


A statue in Montreux, Switzerland (by sculptor Irena Sedlecka) has been erected as a tribute to Mercury. It stands 3 metres high overlooking Lake Geneva and was unveiled on 25 November 1996 by Freddie's father and Montserrat Caballé. Beginning in 2003, fans from around the world gather in Switzerland annually to pay tribute to the singer as part of the "Freddie Mercury Montreux Memorial Day" on the first weekend of September.[75] A Royal Mail stamp was issued in honour of Mercury as part of the Millennium Stamp series. A plaque was also erected at the site of the family home in Feltham where Mercury and his family moved upon arriving in England in 1964.

A tribute to Queen has been on display at the Fremont Street Experience in downtown Las Vegas throughout 2009 on its video canopy. In December 2009 a large model of Mercury wearing tartan was put on display in the centre of Edinburgh as publicity for the run of We Will Rock You at the Playhouse Theatre.

In late 2009 a plaque was installed in Feltham High Street in memory of his achievements.

A statue of Mercury stands over the entrance to the Dominion Theatre in London where the main show, from May 2002, has been Ben Elton's We Will Rock You.
Importance in AIDS history

Freddie Mercury's death represented an important event in the history of AIDS.In April 1992, the remaining members of Queen founded The Mercury Phoenix Trust and organised The Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert for AIDS Awareness, which took place Easter Monday, 20 April 1992.[77] The Mercury Phoenix Trust has since raised millions of pounds for various AIDS charities. The tribute concert, which took place at Wembley Stadium for an audience of 72,000, featured a wide variety of guests including Robert Plant, Roger Daltrey, Extreme, Elton John, Metallica, David Bowie, Annie Lennox, Tony Iommi, Guns N' Roses, Elizabeth Taylor, George Michael, Def Leppard and Liza Minnelli. The concert was broadcast live to 76 countries and had an estimated viewing audience of 1 billion people.
Appearances in lists of influential individuals

Several popularity polls conducted over the past decade indicate that Freddie Mercury's reputation may in fact have been enhanced since his death. For instance, in 2002 he was ranked number 58 in the list of the 100 Greatest Britons, sponsored by the BBC and voted for by the public.[79] He was further listed at the 52nd spot in a 2007 Japanese national survey of the 100 most "influential heroes".[80] Despite the fact that he had been criticised by gay activists for hiding his HIV status, author Paul Russell included Mercury in his book "The Gay 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Gay Men and Lesbians, Past and Present."[81] Other entertainers on Russell's list included Liberace and Rock Hudson. In 2006, Time Asia magazine named him as one of the most influential Asian heroes of the past 60 years: The article credited Mercury with having "duplicated in popular music what other Indians — such as Salman Rushdie and Vikram Seth — have done in literature: taking the coloniser's art form and representing it in a manner richer and more dazzling than many Anglophones thought possible."[9] Mercury was also included in Rolling Stone's list of the "Top 100 Singers Of All Time", falling at number 18.
Film

Speaking about rumours of a film of the life of Freddie Mercury, Brian May in 2007 said he was planning to make a film with Robert De Niro and other Queen band member Roger Taylor. In December 2007, the UK website filmstalker reported that the screenplay, entitled Somebody to Love and focusing on one week in Mercury's life, had been circulating in Hollywood. By September 2008, the predominant rumour held that the script drew no support from major studios, and little further was heard.[citation needed]
[edit] Discography
Queen (band) portal
Main article: Freddie Mercury discography
See also: Queen discography
Studio albums
Album information
Mr. Bad Guy

* Released: 29 April 1985
* Chart positions: United Kingdom #6; Germany #11; Norway #13; Switzerland #14; Japan, Netherlands; Sweden #20; Austria # 23.
* Singles: "I Was Born to Love You", "Made in Heaven", "Living on My Own", "Love Me Like There's No Tomorrow".

Barcelona

* Released: 10 October 1988
* Chart positions: Netherlands #9; United Kingdom #15; Switzerland #18; Austria #24; Sweden #37; Germany #41; Japan #93.
* Singles: "Barcelona", "The Golden Boy", "How Can I Go On".

Compilation albums
Album information
The Freddie Mercury Album

* Released: 16 November 1992
* Chart positions: #1: Italy; #2 Austria; #3 Germany; #4 UK; #5 France; #8 Netherlands, Switzerland; #12 Norway; #20 Netherland; #35 Sweden; #64 Japan.

Remixes

* Released: 1993
* Chart positions: #18 Switzerland; #22 Germany; #25 Austria.

The Great Pretender

* Released: 24 November 1992 (U.S.)
* Chart positions: #13 France; #14 Sweden; #15 Switzerland; #26 Austria.

Solo

* Released: 2000
* Chart positions: #13 UK; #21 Netherlands; #36 Austria; #42 Switzerland; #55 Germany.

Lover of Life, Singer of Songs — The Very Best of Freddie Mercury Solo

* Released: 4 September 2006
* Chart positions: #1: Italy 1; #6: Spain, United Kingdom (gold); #7 Austria; #8: Norway; #9: Hungary; #11: Portugal; #13: Germany; #14: France, Mexico, Sweden; #16 Switzerland; #26: Ireland; #30: Netherlands; #55: Finland; #60: Denmark; #65: Japan; #69: Belgium.

Box Set
Album information
The Solo Collection

* Released: 23 October 2000
* Chart positions:

Singles

* Love Kills (co-written with Giorgio Moroder; Used on the soundtrack for the 1984 reissue of Metropolis) (1984) UK #10
* I Was Born to Love You (1985) UK #11, US #76
* Made in Heaven (1985) UK #57
* Living on My Own (1985) UK #50
* Love Me Like There's No Tomorrow (1985) UK #76
* Time (1986) UK #32
* The Great Pretender (1987, re-released 1993) UK #4, France #16
* Barcelona (with Montserrat Caballé) (1987) UK #8
* The Golden Boy (with Montserrat Caballé) (1988) UK #86
* How Can I Go On (with Montserrat Caballé) (1989, re-released 1992) UK #95
* Barcelona (with Montserrat Caballé) (reissue) (1992) UK #2, France #10
* In My Defence (1992) UK #8, France #74
* The Great Pretender (reissue) (1993) UK #29
* Living on My Own (No More Brothers remix, 1993) UK #1 (2 weeks), France #1
* Love Kills (Sunshine People Remixes, 2006)
Collaborations and guest appearances

* 1973 "I Can Hear Music" / "Goin' Back" by Larry Lurex piano and lead vocals.
* 1975 All four members of Queen helped produce a session with the soul band Trax. Nothing was ever released.
* 1976 "Man From Manhattan" by Eddie Howell played piano and produced this track.
* 1976 "You Nearly Did Me In" by Ian Hunter backing vocals on this song, from the album "All-American Alien Boy".
* 1978 "This One's On Me" by Peter Straker backing vocals and co-produced this album with Roy Thomas Baker.
* 1982 "Emotions in Motion" by Billy Squier backing vocals on this song, from album of same name. Also on the 1996 Billy Squier anthology "Reach For The Sky".
* 1983 "Victory", "There Must Be More To Life Than This" and "State of Shock" were recorded by Freddie and Michael Jackson, but never released.
* 1986 "Love Is The Hero" by Billy Squier backing vocals on this song from the album "Enough Is Enough". Freddie sings the intro on the 12" single. also co-wrote and co-produced track "Lady With a Tenor Sax", from the same album Both also on the 1996 Billy Squier anthology "Reach For The Sky".
* 1986 "Hold On" duet with Jo Dare co-wrote this song from the German soundtrack of "Zabou".
* 1988 "Heaven For Everyone" by The Cross lead vocals on the LP version, backing vocals on the single version (or the version on the US album) from the album "Shove It".
* 1994 "Man From Manhattan" by Eddie Howell played piano and produced this re-released single from the album of the same name.

Notes
a) ^ On Mercury's birth certificate,[13] his parents defined themselves with "Nationality: British Indian" and "Race: Parsi". The Parsis are an originally Persian ethnic group of the Indian subcontinent who follow Zoroastrianism.
b) ^ The Bulsara family gets its name from Bulsar, a city and district that is now in the Indian state of Gujarat and is today officially known as Valsad. In the 17th century, Bulsar was one of the five centres of the Zoroastrian religion (the other four were also in what is today Gujarat) and consequently "Bulsara" is a relatively common name amongst Zoroastrians.
c) ^ Mercury is also portrayed as himself in the animated show Cromartie High School as the character Freddie, and in the British Channel 4 show House Of Rock along with Marc Bolan, John Lennon, Notorious BIG, John Denver and Kurt Cobain.
References

1. ^ Dance: Deux the fandango.
2. ^ a b c RollingStone.com - 100 Greatest Singers of All Time.
3. ^ The Great British Battle of the Bands.
4. ^ "'Queen: Absolute Greatest'". BBC. 6 November 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/breakfast/8346221.stm. "...the group which formed back in the 1970s sold more than 300 million albums worldwide."
5. ^ Goldsmith, Johnny. "Freddie Mercury". Daily Mirror. http://blogs.mirror.co.uk/mirror-images/2009/11/one-from-the-daily-mirror-pict.html. Retrieved 2010-02-02.
6. ^ Chalk, Andy. "Brian May Says Queen: Rock Band "May Happen"". The Escapist. http://www.escapistmagazine.com/news/view/95425-Brian-May-Says-Queen-Rock-Band-May-Happen. Retrieved 2010-02-02.
7. ^ Wickersham, Seth. "We will rock you". ESPN. http://insider.espn.go.com/insider/insider/news/story?id=4864482. Retrieved 2010-02-11.
8. ^ a b c Januszczak 1996.
9. ^ a b c d Fitzpatrick 2006.
10. ^ list of Blender and MTV2's "22 Greatest Voices" (archived at www.amiannoying.com).
11. ^ Classic Rock, "50 Greatest Singers in Rock", May 2009
12. ^ Allmusic: Queen biography
13. ^ a b "Linda B" 2000.
14. ^ a b Das 2000.
15. ^ Freddie Mercury India School Tour.
16. ^ Freddie Mercury Biography.
17. ^ a b O'Donnell 2005.
18. ^ "Tribute to King of “Queen” Freddie Mercury | NowPublic News Coverage". Nowpublic.com. http://www.nowpublic.com/culture/tribute-king-queen-freddie-mercury. Retrieved 22 November 2009.
19. ^ Davis 1996, pp. 1,10.
20. ^ Skala 2006.
21. ^ Highleyman 2005.
22. ^ Bret 1996, p. 7.
23. ^ Davis 1996, p. 2.
24. ^ Rush 1977a.
25. ^ Freddie Mercury: an intimate memoir ... - Google Books. Books.google.com. http://books.google.com/books?id=AH8zZsbmB98C&pg=PA100&dq=Freddie+Mercury+tenor&ei=URG_SqGSFp6SygTo4sW-Dw&client=safari#v=onepage&q=Freddie%20Mercury%20tenor&f=false. Retrieved 22 November 2009.
26. ^ Bret 1996, p. 26.
27. ^ a b c d Cain 2006.
28. ^ Rush 1977b.
29. ^ a b c Wenner 2001.
30. ^ a b Queen 1992.
31. ^ Aledort 2003.
32. ^ Coleman 1981.
33. ^ Blaikie 1996.
34. ^ a b Ressner 1992
35. ^ Minchin 2005.
36. ^ BBC News 2005b.
37. ^ a b Harris 2005.
38. ^ Bret 1996, p. 91.
39. ^ Pye 1986.
40. ^ Jones 1999.
41. ^ a b Longfellow 2006
42. ^ a b c Rees & Crampton 1999, p. 809.
43. ^ Rees & Crampton 1999, p. 811.
44. ^ Rivadavia .
45. ^ Bradley 1992.
46. ^ Rees & Crampton 1999, p. 810.
47. ^ ukmusic.com 2006
48. ^ Teckman 2004, part 2.
49. ^ Hauptfuhrer 1977.
50. ^ Teckman 2004, part 3.
51. ^ a b c Hutton 1994.
52. ^ http://www.brianmay.com/brian/brianssb/brianssb.html
53. ^ Myers 1991.
54. ^ a b Teeman 2006
55. ^ Bret 1996, p. 138
56. ^ Bret 1996, p. 179.
57. ^ Biography Channel 2007.
58. ^ a b Wigg 2000.
59. ^ Sky 1992, p. 163
60. ^ Landesman 2006
61. ^ a b BBC News 2006
62. ^ Webb 1974
63. ^ [1][dead link]
64. ^ Freddie Mercury bisexual
65. ^ a b Urban
66. ^ RIAA 2007.
67. ^ Brown 1992.
68. ^ "Gold & Platinum - 22 November 2009". RIAA. http://www.riaa.com/goldandplatinumdata.php?table=tblTopArt. Retrieved 22 November 2009.
69. ^ Cota 2006
70. ^ BBC 2005a.
71. ^ Brown 2006.
72. ^ Haines 2005
73. ^ CNN 2002
74. ^ BBC News 2007.
75. ^ Bishton 2004.
76. ^ National AIDS Trust 2006
77. ^ Stothard 1992
78. ^ ABC Television 2007
79. ^ BBC - 100 great British heroes
80. ^ "James" 2007
81. ^ Russell 2002

^ Notation done in Scientific Pitch, and thus is written one octave lower than what is displayed here.
[edit] Bibliography

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* Aledort, And (29 November 2003), Guitar Tacet for Queen's Bohemian Rhapsody, http://people.csail.mit.edu/custo/FTP/Chitarra/Bohemian%20rhapsody%20-QUEEN.txt .
* "Linda B" (2000), Certificate of Birth, Chorley: mr-mercury.co.uk, http://mr-mercury.co.uk/Images/Birthcertificatefreddie.jpg .
* Barnes, Ken (20 June 1974), "Album Review: Queen II", Rolling Stone Magazine, http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/queen/albums/album/111006/review/5944771/queen_ii .
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* Blaikie, Thomas (7 December 1996), "Camping at High Altitude", The Spectator, http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3724/is_199612/ai_n8756422 .
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* Bret, David (1996), Living On the Edge: The Freddie Mercury Story, London: Robson Books, ISBN 1861052561 .
* Brown, G. (19 April 1992), "Queen's popularity takes ironic turn", The Denver Post (Denver: MNG) .
* Brown, Mark (16 November 2006), "Queen are the champions in all-time album sales chart", The Guardian (London: Guardian News and Media), http://music.guardian.co.uk/news/story/0,,1948792,00.html .
* Cain, Matthew, dir. (2006), Freddie Mercury: A Kind of Magic, London: British Film Institute, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AQ1cfoMWRpQ ..
* Clarke, Ross (1991), Freddie Mercury: A Kind of Magic, Oxted: Kingsfleet Publications, ISBN 1874130019 .
* CNN (9 May 2002), Queen in Rhapsody over hit award, Atlanta: cnn.com, http://archives.cnn.com/2002/SHOWBIZ/Music/05/08/uk.queen/index.html .
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* Coleman, Ray, ed. (2 May 1981), "The Man Who Would Be Queen", Melody Maker, http://queenarchives.com/viewtopic.php?t=26, retrieved 24 September 2009 .
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* D'Esti Miller, Sarah (19 July 2007), "EPAC's 'Rhapsody' Hits Too Many Wrong Notes", Press & Sun-Bulletin (Binghamton, NY), http://www.queenzone.com/news/epacs-rhapsody-hits-too-many-wrong-notes.aspx, retrieved 24 September 2009 .
* Das, Lina (2006), "The Great Pretender", The Mail on Sunday (London), 26 November 2000, http://www.queenarchives.com/index.php?title=Freddie_Mercury_-_11-26-2000_-_Mail_on_Sunday, retrieved 24 September 2009 .
* Davis, Andy (1996), "Queen Before Queen", Record Collector Magazine 3 (199), http://www.freddie.ru/e/archives/qbq/1.html .
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